Eczema | Atlanta | Georgia Dermatology CenterEczema refers to the inflammation and irritation of the outermost layer of the skin, or the epidermis. The term can be applied to a variety of skin conditions which cause dryness, irritation, and rashes. The exact cause of eczema is unknown, although it’s thought to be linked to an overactive response to the body’s immune system. People who are asthmatic or have a family history of allergies are more likely to have it than others.

Individuals who have eczema can experience an array of symptoms including redness, swelling, itching, crusting, cracking, or bleeding of the skin. No matter which area of skin the eczema is present in, the skin affected is almost always itchy. Affected areas appear very dry, think, and scaly. Some people may experience “flare-ups” of the itchy rashes. These flare-ups may be caused by certain substances and conditions.

According to WebMD, in the U.S., eczema affects about 10% to 20% of infants and about 3% of adults and children. Most infants outgrow the skin condition; however, some continue to experience symptoms throughout their lives. The skin condition is not contagious so spreading it to family and friends is not a concern of those who experience symptoms of it. Eczema can often be controlled with proper treatment, but it cannot be cured. Most people with eczema can manage their symptoms by avoiding irritants like fragrant detergents, fabric softeners and dryer sheets. Patients are advised to reduce their stress levels, moisturize daily, avoid sweating and overeating, harsh soaps and irritants.

To learn more about eczema or to get treatment, contact Georgia Dermatology Center today.

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